Crypto & FinTech

The Ultimate Guide to Understanding Nasdaq

In 1971, the National Association of Securities Dealers launched the NASDAQ in New York City. The main objective behind its establishment was to create the world’s first electronically operated stock exchange. While it initially did not allow for computerized trading, it did offer automatic stock quotations. The innovation served to reduce the bid-ask spread, making it controversial with securities brokers.

Shortly after, the NASDAQ became the primary exchange for significant OTC trading. In 1998, this company became the first exchange to provide online trading. NASDAQ Inc. is expanding its operations outside the stock market, with an emphasis on bringing technology to finance.

To give you a more comprehensive outlook of America’s biggest stock trading market, we have written this guide for you. In this article, we are going to discuss everything you need to know about NASDAQ and its history in America’s stock exchange.

Overview of NASDAQ

Nasdaq is a worldwide electronic market for buying and selling securities. The term was originally an abbreviation for the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations. It began as a subsidiary of the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD), which is now known as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA).

This company was founded when the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) encouraged NASD to automate the market for securities that were not listed on an exchange. The outcome was the first electronic trading system. Nasdaq began operations in 1971.

The Nasdaq 100 Index includes the 100 largest and most frequently traded companies on the stock exchange. The index includes companies from a number of areas, including manufacturing, technology, healthcare, and others. The index does not include financial firms such as commercial and investment banks.

Understanding NASDAQ Index

Index equities must be listed only on the stock exchange market in order to be eligible for inclusion in the Nasdaq 100. These include common stocks, ordinary shares, American depositary receipts, and tracking stocks. They must also be non-financial and have been trading on an exchange for at least three months. This company’s liquidity standards demand that each security have at least 200,000 shares traded each day on average. There is no minimum market capitalization.

stock market

The Nasdaq 100 Index is built using a modified capitalization technique, with specific weights assigned to included items based on their market capitalization. Weighting reduces the power of the larger corporations while balancing the index across all members. This incorporates examining the index’s composition every quarter and modifying the weights if the distribution standards are not satisfied.

Concept Rebalancing

This company carried out a special rebalancing of the Nasdaq 100 index on July 17, 2023.6 The weights of the component firms were rebalanced to address index concentration and reduce reliance on a small number of major enterprises. According to Nasdaq’s regulations, if stocks with a weight of more than 4.5% in the index account for more than 48% of the index, the index must be rebalanced.

This corporate has only carried out a special rebalancing twice previously, in 1998 and 2011. The last special rebalancing was sparked by a recent surge in tech stocks and Tesla shares, which increased the aggregate weight of the top five firms (Microsoft, Apple, Nvidia, Amazon, and Tesla) above the 48% mark. The special rebalancing decreased their weights while increasing those of other corporations such as Alphabet, Meta Platforms, Netflix, and Costco.

The unusual rebalancing will have an influence on the index’s and individual companies’ performance and volatility, as some investors may modify their portfolios to reflect the new weightings. However, this is likely to be transient because the rebalancing has no effect on the fundamentals or prospects of any of the index’s firms.

Investment Criteria

The Nasdaq 100 index measures the top 100 firms by adjusted market capitalization that trade on their platforms. Therefore, investors cannot invest directly in it. However, there are several alternative methods to obtain exposure to the index without purchasing individual companies in the index.

Investors can choose from exchange-traded funds (ETFs), mutual funds, futures and options, or annuities. For the ordinary investor, buying an ETF is the easiest and least risky way to obtain exposure to the firms in the index.

What Type of Market Tiers and Stocks are Featured on NASDAQ?

Companies listed on the NASDAQ are divided into three market capitalization tiers: Capital Market, Global Market, and Global Select Markets. The capital market is a market for equities with lower market capitalizations and less onerous listing criteria.

The Global Market and Global Select Markets contain mid-cap and large-cap companies, respectively, and are subject to stringent corporate governance and liquidity rules. This incorporation is known for listing shares from technology companies. Amazon, Alphabet (Google), Facebook, Microsoft, and Apple are among the their most valuable companies. To be listed on their listings, a stock must meet certain financial, governance, and liquidity requirements.

Is the Nasdaq 100 Different from the S&P 500?

The Nasdaq 100 and the S&P 500 are stock market indices that measure the performance of some of the world’s top corporations. Both represent market performance, and most national news reports use the most recent closing statistics. The Nasdaq has 100 firms, while the S&P has 500, but the distinctions between the two are broader than that.

The Nasdaq 100 can contain international corporations, whereas the S&P 500 is only for U.S. companies. Furthermore, the Nasdaq 100 does not include financial businesses, whereas the S&P 500 does. Finally, the Nasdaq 100 includes only firms that trade on their platforms, whereas the S&P 500 includes companies that trade on all U.S. exchanges.


Being one of the biggest stock exchange marketplaces in the world, NASDAQ has become the home for over 100 companies. Now, it’s America’s biggest stock exchange marketplace that incorporates hundreds of firms and companies under its umbrella. And the branches of investment are running the wall street. Hopefully, this guide has helped you to understand about America’s biggest stock exchange marketplace.

Faisal Iqball

Faisal Saim is professional writer and content strategist with over 03 years of experience in the industry. specializes in creating engaging and informative content for businesses and individuals across a variety of niches, from Technology and Travelling to Health and finance. Saim writing has been published on numerous platforms.

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